What are Programming Language and Their types?

Nowadays, there are numerous programming languages that are becoming more general and all-purpose, but these languages have their specialties, and each language has its own advantages and disadvantages. Usually, programming languages can be classified into a few types, however, these languages support multiple programming styles. Every year there are a number of programming languages are implemented, but few languages are becoming very popular which may be used by a professional programmer in their career.

Programming languages are used to control the performance of the computer or machine. At present, computer programmer has many choices to choose the language, but there are many differences between programming languages. So, this article gives brief information regarding what are the different types of programming languages, differences between programming languages, and types of programming languages in useful ways.

What is Programming Language:

A programming language is a formal language comprising a set of instructions that produce various kinds of output. Programming languages are used in computer programming to implement algorithms.

Most programming languages consist of instructions for computers. There are programmable machines that use a set of specific instructions, rather than general programming languages. Since the early 1800s, programs have been used to direct the behavior of machines such as Jacquard looms, music boxes and player pianos The programs for these machines (such as a player piano’s scrolls) did not produce different behavior in response to different inputs or conditions.

Thousands of different programming languages have been created, and more are being created every year. Many programming languages are written in an imperative form (i.e., as a sequence of operations to perform) while other languages use the declarative form (i.e. the desired result is specified, not how to achieve it).

The description of a programming language is usually split into the two components of syntax form and semantics meaning. Some languages are defined by a specification document for example, the C programming language is specified by an ISO Standard while other languages such as Perl have a dominant implementation that is treated as a reference. Some languages have both, with the basic language defined by a standard and extensions taken from the dominant implementation being common.


5 Most Popular Programming Languages Today:

  • Java

Java is a class-based, object-oriented programming language that is designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible. It is a general-purpose programming language intended to let application developers write once, run anywhere (WORA), meaning that compiled Java code can run on all platforms that support Java without the need for recompilation. Java applications are typically compiled to bytecode that can run on any Java virtual machine (JVM) regardless of the underlying computer architecture. The syntax of Java is similar to C and C++, but has fewer low-level facilities than either of them.

  • JavaScript

As one of the original programming languages and most popular codes to learn, JavaScript continues to be in demand in 2020. The reason for its popularity is mainly due to it being used for both front-end and back-end programming, but also because it works so well with other languages, and it’s updated every single year.

Some of the world’s most popular sites, including YouTube, Facebook, Gmail, and Twitter, all rely on JavaScript for their interactive pages. Why? Because JavaScript is a core technology and powers things such as online video and dynamic pages. Plus, if you’re looking to learn code for the first time, JavaScript works across all major browsers and is known for having a forgiving, flexible syntax. This is why it’s one of the favorites amongst beginners.

In a nutshell, we can’t see the world wide web without JavaScript anytime soon.

  • C

If you saw C on a report card, you’d be pretty bummed. Maybe a bit confused, too (is it actually a B-?). However, C is not the bizarrely bad grade it seems to be. It’s often the first programming language taught in college (well, it was for me 10 years ago). I thought it was a nice “in-between” language in that it was object-oriented without having to be fanatical about it. It was also low level enough to be close to the hardware, but no so low level that you had to do everything manually. Because there are so many C compilers, you can write stuff in C and have it run pretty much anywhere.

  • Python

Python has always been and continues to be, a favorite programming language amongst tech experts. It’s known for its versatility and is perhaps the most user-friendly programming language available. Coders identify Python’s syntax as clear and intuitive - similar to that of JavaScript - making it another popular choice for those starting out in coding.

You can create pretty much anything using Python, including simple scripts, applications and even neural networks for AI. Plus, it also has numerous applications for you to choose from. So if, for example, you’re interested in back-end development, then the open-source Django framework (which is written in Python) is simple and straightforward to learn. And, it’s been used to develop some of the biggest apps and sites in the world, including Spotify and Instagram.

Python will always be a good choice when it comes to coding, but take note: Python 2 was discontinued in 2020, so make sure you choose Python 3.

  • Ruby

Ruby (also known as Ruby on Rails) is a major supplier of web apps. Ruby is popular due to its ease of learning (it’s very straightforward) and power. Ruby knowledge is in high demand these days!

  • C#

C# (pronounced C-sharp, [not C-hashtag for you Twitter fans] is the language used in order to develop Microsoft apps. C# is syntactically nearly identical to Java. I’ve spent much time training with C#, but if you’re good at Java, you’ll likely have an easy time jumping onto C#. If you’re looking to work on Microsoft apps, C# is the way to go. C# opens a lot of Windows (har-har).

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there is a new programming language that is gaining more interest that is anaconda

and also swift is also one of the old programming language and even it is also considered as one among the top and demanding programs just that many ppl dont know about it as its exclusive to Mac so Mac users will be very familiar

Dont forget rust

Yeah but rust while it has more application has no importance like no popularity level I was talking about the most popular one’s if I go like that then I need to list out more than 30 programming language


1 Like

Every Language is popular and famous in it’s field, nobody can choose the ttop without a particular context

uhh true


Depends on point of view of ppl it depends on which kind of language u are searching for and what kind u are programming